Chapter 10 – Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke


  1. Define cardiovascular disease
  2. Identify types of cardiovascular disease
  3. Identify risk factors for cardiovascular disease
  4. Assess personal risk of cardiovascular disease


  • Heart Disease: The disease of the heart that can be deemed deadly to about 425,000 people per year.
  • Atherosclerosis: The narrowing and hardening of the arteries.
  • Angina Pectoris: Crushing chest pains.
  • Arrhythmia: A lack of “normal” heart rhythm.
  • Myocardial Infarction: Heart Attack
  • Cerebrovascular accident: Also known as CVA, is a term used for strokes
  • Ischemic Stroke: A stroke happening in the vessels on the way to the brain, most likely from a blockage
  • Hemorrhagic stroke: A stroke that happens when vessels in the brain rupture causing heavy bleeding within the brain.
  • HDL Cholesterol: High-Density Lipoprotein, also known as the good type of cholesterol.
  • LDL Cholesterol: Low-Density Lipoprotein also known as the good type of cholesterol.


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Health and Fitness for Life by Dawn Markell and Diane Peterson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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