Chapter 2 – Fitness Principles

Test Your Knowledge

1. The term exercise refers to physical activity that is:

a. Discontinuous and unplanned but designed to improve fitness

b. Planned, structured, and repetitive designed to improve fitness

c. Not a contributor to physical fitness

d. Random and unstructured

2. Which of the following is NOT considered a skill-related fitness component?

a. Coordination

b. Flexibility

c. Balance

d. Agility

3. During the initial phase of an exercise program, a beginner should:

a. Begin slowly, exercising at a low intensity and gradually increasing volume

b. Keep intensity high, exercise at the high end of the target heart rate range

c. Perform short but intense bouts of activity

d. Exercise 5-7 days per week

4. The body’s ability to adapt to gradual increases in the amount of exercise is the principle of:

a. Overload

b. Specificity

c. Reversibility

d. Assessment

5. The amount of overload needed to maintain or improve one’s fitness level is NOT determined by:

a. Time (duration)

b. Intensity

c. Frequency

d. Specificity

6. Another term used for organizing your training into phases or cycles is:

a. Specificity

b. Skill training

c. Periodization

d. Overload




Answers: 1. B, 2. B, 3. A, 4. A, 5. D, 6. C


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Health and Fitness for Life Copyright © 2019 by Dawn Markell and Diane Peterson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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