Exercises Answer Key
Check Your Understanding: Plagiarism
All of the examples are a kind of plagiarism. Did you get them all correct? Remember: any time you use someone else’s intellectual property—of any kind—you must give them credit by acknowledging their name and providing information about the source.
Check Your Understanding: Evaluating a Website
Hopefully you found that none of those sites passed the CRAP test. But I’m betting you had fun reading through at least one of them.
As you evaluate websites in the future, remember these examples and be sure to explore the sites carefully as you decide whether or not they’re reliable.
Check Your Understanding: Reverse Image Search
Were you able to find the actual creator of the image? Or at least to track it back a little bit? Reverse image search can be a powerful student tool. Remember, an image created by someone else is there intellectual property. Your obligation is to locate and give credit to the person who owns the image. Keep practicing with this: no doubt image searches will become easier and more effective as technology improves.
Check Your Understanding: Practicing Your Pre-reading Skills
There are no right or wrong answers here—the goal of this was simply to help you practice pre-reading. Keep it up!
Check Your Understanding: Annotation
Again, there is no right or wrong answer—simply a chance for you to practice annotation.
Here’s a sample of what a short summary of this article might look like. Notice I mention the author and article in the first sentence:
In “Are We Loving Our National Parks to Death,” Dayton Duncan raises questions about the effects of millions of visitors on our national park lands. He talks about our parks’ origins and contrasts the parks’ early years with their condition now. He points at problems that include lack of camping space, roads in disrepair, and a general overcrowding, and he discusses ideas for limiting impacts—which may mean limiting visitors. He also brings up interesting points about the way climate change is affecting many of our national parks and forests. Ultimately, he asks the public for help in championing the parks with money and support.
Check Your Understanding: Reflecting on What You’ve Read
How did this activity work for you? The way that e-communication is changing the ways we interact is certainly fascinating. Wouldn’t you agree?
Keep an eye on the emails, texts, and instant messages you receive in the next couple of days, watching how these people use periods and other punctuation. Do your observations echo the points made in the article?
Check Your Understanding: Reflect on Your Own Reading Practices
What did you discover about your own reading practices? These kinds of personal reflection can be tremendously helpful in terms of your own study skills. The better you become with reading at all levels and for all purposes, the easier your studies will become. You’ll save time, read more efficiently, and probably enjoy it more, too. Keep up the good work!
Check Your Understanding: Jargon
Hopefully, you’ll agree that using jargon requires some care and caution. You have to know your audience and understand their knowledge base in order to assess whether using jargon, technical language, and so forth will be a good idea.
Check Your Understanding: Sentence Length
Playing with sentences is fun, isn’t it? Keep working with this: you’ll find that simply by playing with sentence length and word choice, you can completely change the tone and feel of your writing.
Check Your Understanding: Summarizing a Text
How did you do with your summary? By now, you’ve probably practiced summary at least a couple of times while reading through this text.
Here are some of the key points your summary should have included:
- Annual physical exams are expensive and may be unnecessary.
- Preventative medicine is better than waiting until one gets sick and needs treatment.
- Biomarkers are metabolic indicators of one’s health.
- Scientists are building devices that can continuously track biomarkers.
- There are many hurdles to overcome before these devices can be trusted for wide use.
Check Your Understanding: Preliminary Research
How many of the sources on the first page of results are from Wikipedia? Three.
Where is the gravity hill in South Dakota located? Rapid City.
What later bands and musicians made explicit references to T. Rex? The Who, David Bowie, BA Robertson, The Ramones, R.E.M.
What is the first source listed in the “References” section at the end of the Wikipedia article? Steve Huey.
Check Your Understanding: Thesis Statements
The second thesis statement is the correct choice in each case because:
An effective thesis statement has several key components:
- States the central idea of the essay in a complete sentence, two at the most.
- Reveals the author’s opinion or attitude about the topic.
- Often lists subtopics/ provides a general outline of the essay.
- Is usually found at the end of the introduction.
An effective thesis does not:
- Ask the reader a question (i.e. “What is beauty?”)
- State the obvious (i.e “This essay will be about my definition of beauty” or “In this essay I will define beauty.”)
Check Your Understanding: Creating Citations
Your citation should look like this:
Faughnder, Ryan. “Inside the Deal that Brought Sony’s ‘Spider-Man’ Back to Marvel’s Cinematic Universe.” Los Angeles Times, tronc, 26 June, 2017, www.latimes.com/business/hollywood/la-fi-ct-sony-marvel-spider-man-20170626-story.html.
Check Your Understanding: Creating a Paraphrase
It was probably obvious to you pretty quickly that the second example is a stronger paraphrase. There is a clearer sense for my writing voice in it, with sentence structures that come more naturally to me and language that is my own.
The first example, by comparison, is a rather awkward attempt to preserve the original quote’s exact structures without directly copying the author’s words or phrases, and I’m not even sure it makes sense in a couple of spots (I had to reach for some similar-but-not-identical language). This is definitely an approach to avoid.
Check Your Understanding: Work with Quotation
Options 1 and 4 are both correct ways of presenting the information–they deliver the quote accurately, introduce it, and give appropriate credit to the author.